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What is Sensorineural Hearing Loss?

Sensorineural hearing loss is a common type of hearing impairment characterized by damage to the inner ear's delicate hair cells or the auditory nerve pathways. This type of hearing loss is often permanent and can be caused by various factors, including aging, genetics, prolonged exposure to loud noises, and certain medical conditions.


  • Aging: Gradual wear and tear on the inner ear structures over time.

  • Genetics: Predisposition to hearing loss due to hereditary factors.

  • Noise Exposure: Long-term exposure to loud environments or activities.

  • Medical Conditions: Certain illnesses, infections, and medications may contribute.


  • Sensorineural hearing loss typically results in difficulty hearing soft sounds and understanding speech, especially in noisy settings.

  • Sounds may be perceived as muffled or unclear.


  • While sensorineural hearing loss is generally irreversible, hearing aids can effectively amplify sounds and improve overall hearing.

  • In severe cases, cochlear implants may be recommended for enhanced auditory perception.

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